IoT Security @ Ottawa Meetup

Wow! A verMeetupy informative evening in front of a full house at the Ottawa Meetup IoT Security Meetup (standing room only actually)! Big thanks to Pascal and Jacques!

Our very own Faud Khan delivered, according those present, ” a very informative and entertaining presentation” on IoT Security.

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“Absolutely super informative presentation and a great showcase of the depth of TwelveDot’s knowledge and experience in the security field.”

The presentation explored how to make security and privacy part of  the daily business ritual so as to significantly reduce the cyber exposure of products, solutions and the business itself.  As such it provided a look at:

• ISO standardization of IoT

• Security considerations for your organization

• Security considerations at design and development

• Testing and evaluation of IoT solutions

• Privacy considerations and practices

 

FYI – Elements of the presentation are:

IoT Technologies Mind Map – SWG_5_IoT_Technologies_MindMap

IoT Threats and Risks Poster – IoT Threats and Risks

Presentation Slide Deck IoT Security – IoT Meetup Ottawa Presentation Slide Deck – June 28_2016

Q&A: 

  1. When can we get access to ISO/IEC 30141 Reference Architecture? The information will be available Fall/Winter of 2016. You can keep track of development at the ISO site.
  2. What is scope of IoT Reference Architecture? The scope according to ISO 30141 is “This International Standard specifies IoT Conceptual Model, Reference Model, and Reference Architecture from different architectural views, common entities, and high-level interfaces connecting the entities.”
  3. What is PIPEDA? The Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (PIPEDA or the PIPED Act) is a Canadian law relating to data privacy. It governs how private sector organizations collect, use and disclose personal information in the course of commercial business. More details are can be found here.
  4. Why do we have to pay to meet these standards? Doesn’t it harm the whole process? ISO needs a means to pay for the system even after Canada pays it’s membership into ISO. The base 27000 is free but others like 27001 etc. do cost a little -$35.
  5. Who do you call first if you get breached? Do not call your security guy! You should contact your lawyer and have your lawyer contact your security people. This ensures client confidentiality and attorney client privilege.
  6. Have you looked at Intel IoT development kits with security infrastructure built into target software? Intel libraries maybe investigated more than open source libraries but they are still vulnerable — always do your due diligence on any solution.
  7. For 3rd party libraries we use well known libraries and black duck to test etc…beyond that are there other practices that you recommend? Take advantage of the hashes publishers use ( one way hashes ), ensure they are validated prior to use. Likewise ensure ensure you monitoring them via CERT and other vulnerability disclosure services to ensure that you are notified to new vulnerabilities.
  8. What is your minimum recommendation when trying to implement a security plan? Encourage Threat Modelling at the design stage, identify your data at risk, have in-depth knowledge to how you are processing data, storing and transporting it. Conduct a PIA using ISO 29134 you can find lots of details on this at the PCO site. Privacy Commissioner of Canada PIA
  9. Can security be a marketable aspect of a product? Absolutely. Security is a very important part of any product and can be a huge selling point for any product provided it is implemented properly. With breach laws in the world changing as an executive you need to show due diligence using the process outlined which provides the outputs necessary.
  10. Is there any industry forum etc assisting ISO standard development? Prior to beginning new project ISO implements a study period to reach out to the community and create liaison relationships. Specific, to IoT WG10, what liaison relationships with ITU-T, IIC, IEEE, and many more. This ensures these standards are not created in a bubble.
  11. What do you think about open source standards ( block chains in particular ). Block chains can be used in applications, tracking ownership or documentation, physical and digital assets. It holds lots of promise however, many countries look to ISO to provide the necessary guidance on standards. In the case of block chains the current open standard is being proposed as the base standard for ISO. As this project is just starting we are a long way from determining if it will be adopted as the benchmark.
  12. Are any big security companies involved with ISO standards? Many large security companies and non-security companies are involved with ISO standards. The list is much too long for this blog but most large technology companies are current members of national committees.

We hope this information helps. If you need more guidance on securing your products and solutions please reach out to us.

 

 

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For the Bees

IMG_3609This past weekend we (TwelveDot Labs that is) participated in our first Ottawa Random Hacks of Kindness (RHOK) after being a sponsor for the past three years.

Algonquin’s School of Hospitality and Tourism is on a mission to better help students to understand the “food to fork” concept and the impact the changing environment is having on the human food chain. And we were happy to partner with Algonquin College on a bee hive monitoring project .

We had to do a lot over the weekend and not a lot of time to do it in (about 14 hours) but we managed to get sensors logging into our database. All of this was done with a team of only eight! Without the hard work and efforts of Kirin, Kaelan, Bernard, Ying, Cid, Jared and Alf,  this project would not have come together in such a short period. We were, and remain, truly grateful to all of them for giving up their weekend for this project. We also had significant assistance from Dave of Algonquin College who is both a chef and understudy beekeeper. He  provided very useful details on how bees live and our impact on them in general and every time we open a hive.

That said, we know that there are many other hackathons that have similar projects and even commercial monitoring solutions for monitoring bee hives right now.  We also know that there are no solutions which are purpose-built for research and non-intrusive to the bee environment. The goal of our project was to develop a solution that included these two aspects in the overall design. Over the course of the weekend we:

  1. Used an Arduino (an open-source prototyping platform based on easy-to-use hardware and software) based platform to connect our sensors.
  2. Designed a base mobile User Experience (UX).
  3. Setup and configured a time-series database.
  4. Fine tuned our sensors for data collection via the code.
  5. Created a web site to document our project.
  6. Developed a design to incorporate sensors non-intrusively to a bee hive – we actually did this in the last hour of the event!bee-plate

Our goal going forward will be to continue this work with Algonquin as bees are important to our food chain. We are doing this for bees as much as we are doing it for ourselves.

In the coming months we will be proving all the initial design and data collected for bee research and hope to have our own data available as well. If you want to know more  about our work and progress, we invite you to go to our project website.

Lastly, do not hesitate to contact us to find out if we can help your field research project.

 

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Ottawa IoT Meetup – June 28th

This month I have the honour of being the presenter at the YOW IoT Meetup and I hope to see you there. Please bring all your questions. I look forward to providing guidance and suggestions to your projects. Here is the outline for my discussion:

Security and Privacy for IoT: A Standards Based Approach

IoT has the promise to change our lives and provide interactions that were previously unheard of – with upwards of 20 billion devices connected. However, one of biggest barriers to adoption is security and privacy.

Daily reports of compromised networks and systems have become common place and many IoT services and solutions will be based on this same architectures and techniques – risky! The only way to change the IoT security landscape is to change our approach to design.

Our discussion will explore how to make security and privacy part of your daily ritual with the aim to significantly reduce the cyber exposure of your products and solutions. As we are quite active in the development of both IoT and security standards, we use a standards based approach to solving these problems.

International standards provide a global yardstick from which to base build and design solutions. In the age of IoT, even small companies are being forced to think globally.

We will look at:

  • ISO standardization of IoT
  • Security considerations for your organization
  • Security considerations at design and development
  • Testing and evaluation of IoT solutions
  • Privacy considerations and practices

We will record all the questions we get and post them for all to see. I am sure that you will agree with me  that it is important to share as I believe the same root issues and problems are being experienced by many product and solutions organizations.

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Here’s why the hack we are participating in RHOK!

For several years now we have been supporting Random Hacks of Kindness (RHOK) as a sponsor. We did this because RHOK is a hackathon for social good: it brings together volunteer developers and tech-savvy do-gooders to work with charities, community groups and social enterprises. And for us it has been hacking good as it is the type of event that really highlights the role private companies can and need to play in their local communities.

This year, however, we decided to hack our support into participation and put in a team to help the cause hands-on. Our decision was motivated by a request from the RHOK organizers to be more active in the cause and I agreed to do so long as our project was Internet of Things (IoT) based. It was also time that we ate some of our own “dog food”. FYI: the term “eating your own dog food,” in the software industry, means using the code you’re developing for your own daily needs: basically, being a user as well as a developer or, in our case, a sponsor and a participant.

I met with my team so that we could begin prepping for our IoT project. I asked Brett Tackaberry, a good friend of mine who is very active in the Ottawa community, to go out and find a project. And found one he did and not just any project but one that has sensors, research and will run for a long time – at least we believe so. So far we have ordered the sensors, come up with a high level architecture and designed a User Experience (UX) for the Version 1. We are cheating a little here but had no choice as one weekend is not enough to prepare and build the prototype of our IoT solution!

You may be asking “What is this solution?” Well you will have to follow us on Twitter for updates to see what we are building. If you happen to be in the Ottawa area on the weekend of June 24th, I invite you to drop in to RHOK to see us and possibly help us or others out on our projects. You will also have the chance to see how matching up organisations that have a social impact with skilled technologists, who want to make a difference, can lead to developing open-source solutions to the challenges facing society today and tomorrow.

As a small R&D group, TwelveDot Labs is primarily focused on R&D in mobile, cloud and IoT. We are hired to evaluate  security for IoT technologies and on building cool technology solutions that incorporate both security and privacy. We intend to do for RHOK what we do for our clients: deliver a solution that works, is secure and private, and is, above all cost effective.

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IoT is Active and Moving. Are you?

IoT is Active and Moving. Are you? 

The U.S. Department of Commerce recently cited that 200 billion connected devices will be deployed by 2020 with an accompanying economic impact in the trillions by 2025. This Internet of Things (IoT) represents a major transformation in a digital world that has the potential to affect everyone and every business.  As a result many companies are moving ahead on IoT projects with little consideration to the security or privacy issues that accompany IoT.

Many companies however do not have a specific solution in place to secure IoT devices, and some may not know if they have security policies on their devices. ForeScout® Technologies, Inc. recently announced the findings of its new “Enterprise Internet of Things (IoT) Survey.” This survey of 350+ Information Technology (IT) professionals assessed their organizations’ IoT security practices. The research revealed that while the majority of respondents acknowledge the growing number of IoT devices on their networks, they are unaware of how to properly secure them. Moreover, 85 percent of survey respondents lacked confidence in their ability to see connected devices as soon as they joined their networks, and almost a quarter of survey respondents said that they weren’t confident at all. When connected devices are left out of the security sphere, an organization’s attack surface becomes that much more vulnerable. The excuses for this scenario are many and the users of these companies solutions are potential digital crime victims; many of whom are never notified or even aware of the risks and dangers.

Today there is an added risk: spying.  As the Internet of Things (IoTs) become more commonplace more valuable data will be accessible through an ever-widening selection of entry points. Not only to hackers alone, but also to spy agencies like the National Security Agency (NSA).  So what is a developer or solution provider to do? Well it starts at the concept stage of considering how data is collected, processed, stored and destroyed. This is not only a software consideration but also hardware. At a high-level here is where you need start:

  1. What does your company policies and procedures state about your systems development life cycle (SDLC)?
  2. Does your SDLC provide at design/concept stage allocations for a Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA)  and Technical Risk Assessment (TRA) ? 
  3. Are your developers/programmers given security training?
  4. Do you perform background checks on developers/programmers?
  5. Where do you store your source code? And who has access to it?
  6. Where are your components sourced from and have you validated the firmware on these components and integrated circuits?
  7. Have you assessed the Third Party libraries for security issues and coding practices?
  8. Did you perform “threat modelling” of the proposed solution?

All of these aspects need to be considered as they are a benchmark for all of your solutions and must become part of your business culture. This also includes documenting all aspects of these elements, especially for meetings that deal with design decisions. Maintain a decision log/registry that is tied to the project. This can be referenced if and when a breach happens. It can also save your a$$ to provide you did the due diligence at design time. Your dev-ops, designers, and testers need to eat, think and breath private and secure design. Doing this up front will not only greatly reduce costs in the back end for support but also help avoid possible lawsuits.

At TwelveDot our goal is to help companies that are struggling to secure their mobile, cloud and IoT solutions. Connect with us to see how we can help you solve your security challenges.

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Cyber Canucks EP8 – Cyber Assurance Programs

We hope you enjoy episode 8 in our series of podcasts on cybersecurity

Hosts: Cid Parato and Faud Khan

Topics of this episode include how we TwelveDot look to help organizations implement a cyber assurance program. These aspects are key to getting your company and/or organization prepared to start thinking security in everything they do.

  • GAP Analysis– benchmark of current policies, partnerships, employees. As we focus on ISO and the 27K family of standards. We recommended that an Gap Analysis be conducted using ISO 270001. If you in industries such financial or telecom there are special supplements in 27K family that addressed specific controls for these sectors however the over arching approach is based on ISO 27001.
  • Assessment – Initial assessment identifies/validates to create risk assessment document and then action plan. Get your risk management practice jump started and running with ISO 27005 and ISO 31000. These should provide the necessary foundation for you to build your practice.
  • ISMS – Information Security Management System. This takes the previous two steps and then formally initiates the process and policies necessary to implement and continue to develop and mature as your organization grows and develops.
  • SDLC – System Development Life Cycle use be formalized for any company that produces a product/service. As part of your ISMS implementation will create the necessary checks and balances to ensure that cyber risks and privacy elements are identified, assessed, and mitigated as required. This is before you ever release your solution.
  • Evaluation – Internal and External Evaluations ( certification ) will be required on a on going basis. While many can be completed internally as part of your ISMS implementation you will need to bring in external assessment auditors for certification of your ISMS.

Keep in mind you do not have to go the certification route to start. You can begin by starting your ISMS and getting it operational. That is the toughest part! Once started, it is just a matter of making it better as you go along. No two companies are alike so your implementation considerations will be different. However, your goal is always the same creating a company culture of security.

For more details please follow us on Twitter @TwelveDotSec and if you have any questions or comments please reach out to us at http://twelvedot.com/contact-us/.

A big Thx goes out to Jack Wiles for sound editing.

 

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Cyber Canucks EP 7: Selecting Cloud Service Providers

We hope you enjoy episode 7 in our series of podcasts on cybersecurity

Hosts: Cid Parato and Faud Khan

Topics of this episode:

  • What is the data that you are protecting or storing in the cloud?
  • Benchmarks to compare cloud service providers
  • Policies and Procedures – Implement an ISMS to ensure policies and procedures align to corporate objectives
  • Data Centre Evaluation ( location, service platform, what are their rules for data )
  • Access to Data ( who has access from provider side and your side, authentication )

For more details please follow us on Twitter @TwelveDotSec and if you have any questions or comments please reach out to us at http://twelvedot.com/contact-us/.

A big Thx goes out to Jack Wiles for sound editing.

 

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Mobile Game App Security

Mobile Gaming App Security 101

Mobile Game App SecurityMobile gaming app hacks are on the rise and will only continue to grow unless developers become enlightened. Developers need to understand long term impact of mobile gaming app security. Having your gaming app hacked can have a large impact on revenue, branding and even the survival of your company.

The cost of securing a mobile gaming app is minimal in comparison the potential loss. Developers fail to understand the consequences are always focused on their time to market, 99% of the time neglecting security.

Common vulnerabilities include:

  • in-app purchases being hacked
  • reverse engineering of code
  • repackaging of application ( cloning )
  • malware
  • game assets like artwork being reverse engineered
  • piracy ( very high rates )
  • personal data theft

This all translates to lost revenue. So would it not be better to invest a few dollars now and look to securing your app and the reap the rewards of your work for the long term or generate limited revenue short term?

 

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Cyber Canucks EP 6: Protecting your Kids Online

We hope you enjoy episode 6 in our series of podcasts on cybersecurity

Hosts: Cid Parato and Faud Khan

Topics of this episode:

– Evaluating Apps for your Kids – Discuss with your kids how they are going to use their devices and what kinds of apps they can install
– Watching what your kids are doing online –   How can you track what your kids are doing…there are apps out there and parental controls
–  Privacy for your kids –  How much privacy do you want to give your kids
–  Cyber Bullying – Discuss Cyber Bullying with your kids and educate them

 

For more details please follow us on Twitter @TwelveDotSec and if you have any questions or comments please reach out to us at http://twelvedot.com/contact-us/.

A big Thx goes out to Jack Wiles for sound editing.

 

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